VIN - VOLVO Vehicle Identification Number (VIN)
1981 to 1996 All VOLVO Models

The VIN contains 17 digits. The table below shows 2 examples.

Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Y V 1 A X 4 7 5 4 E 3 5 8 6 4 9 8

VIN Digits Decoding

Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Manufacturer YV1 = VOLVO
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Model
A 240
B 260
F 740
G 760
H 780
J 940
K 960
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Safety
A Airbag
X Mechanical belt
S 4-door with airbag
W Wagon with airbag
T 4-door with mechanical belt
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Engine Click here for more engine information
11 B17A
21 B19A
24 B19E
26 B19E
37 D20
41 B21A
44 B21E
45 B21F
46 B21ET
47 B21FT
48 B21LH Jet
49 B21F MPG  (1981)
B21F K jet (1982)
61 B27A
62 B28A
64 B27E
65 B27F
68 B28E
69 B28F
74 D24 TIC w/EGR
75 D24 TIC w/o EGR
76 D24T
77 D24 (81-84)
80 B230G
81 B23A
82 B230GT, B230FD
84 B23E
85 B230FB
86 B230FT
87 B230FT
88 B23F (83-84)
88 B230F (85-)
89 B234F
92 B6244F
93 B6254F
95 B6304F w/air pump
96 B6204F w/o air pump
98 N6304G
99 B6254G
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Doors
2 2-door
4 4-door
5 5-door (station wagon)
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Check The 9th digit is computed from the other digits in the VIN. It is used as a safety to prevent errors.
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Year
A 1980
B 1981
C 1982
D 1983
E 1984
F 1985
G 1986
H 1987
J 1988
K 1989
L 1990
M 1991
N 1992
P 1993
R 1994
S 1995
T 1996
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Factory
0 Sweden (Kalmar)
1 Sweden (Torslanda)
2 Belgium
3 Canada
4 Thailand
5 Malaysia
6 Indonesia
7 Sweden (Uddevalla)
A Sweden (Uddevalla)
D Italy
Digit # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Y V 1 A X 8 4 5 6 C 3 3 7 5 0 6 7
Chassis # A consecutive number assigned to each chassis produced.  Each chassis style (2 doors, 4 doors and wagon) have a unique set of number. The year can be determined with the chassis number (Ch. Nr.) by looking at the production tables.

Example decoding

VIN Decoded Information
YV1AX8456C3375067
  • YV1 = VOLVO
  • A = 240
  • X = Mechanical belts
  • 84 = B23E Engine
  • 5 = Station wagon
  • 6 = Check digit
  • C= 1982
  • 3= Canada plant
  • 375067= Chassis number
YV1AX4754E3586498
  • YV1 = VOLVO
  • A = 240
  • X = Mechanical belts
  • 47 = B21FT Engine
  • 5 = Station wagon
  • 4 = Check digit
  • E= 1984
  • 3= Canada plant
  • 586498= Chassis number

Upholstery Code

The upholstery code identifies the style, colors and materials covering the interior of the car. The code is different for 2-door, 4-door and station wagon models. The materials and colors changed almost every year and therefore many codes exists for the same car. For example there are 7 different upholstery codes just for the 1963 120 4 door.

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