VOLVO 240 Parts : Engine Maintenance and Repair Guide - Table of Contents


VOLVO Common Replacement Parts
and Recommended Service Schedule

Click Item below for
more information and parts
Check or Change
Interval
Oil and Oil Filter 5,000 mi
Cooling System Pressure 10,000 mi
Coolant Antifreeze 30,000 mi
Engine Gaskets and Seals 5,000 mi
Engine Mounts 10,000 mi
Battery Test 10,000 mi
Exhaust System 10,000 mi
Throttle Cable and Idle Speed 10,000 mi
Air Filter 30,000 mi
Ignition Tune Up/Spark Plugs 30,000 mi
Drive Belts 30,000 mi
Valves Adjustment 30,000 mi
Timing Belt 50,000 mi
Fuel Filter 60,000 mi
PCV Flame Trap 60,000 mi

Follow the maintenance steps in this section to keep your VOLVO engine in top condition. VOLVO engines are reliable and can be driven forever, or almost, if properly serviced. Based on VOLVO Recommended Maintenance Service Chart, we created this table to help you repair and service your car. If you wish to learn more about the different VOLVO engines and their specifications visit the VOLVO Engines Specifications page

Can't find what you're searching for ? Check our detailed VOLVO 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your VOLVO !


Maintenance and Repair Item

Parts to Purchase

Engine Oil, Oil Filter

Change every 5,000 mi

  • Change the oil and oil filter (1) every 5,000 mi. Also replace the oil cap seal (2) and drain plug washer (3) if required. The oil change kit we offer includes a quality MANN oil filter (1), oil cap seal (2), and oil drain plug ring/seal (3).
  • Use 10W30 oil for normal driving conditions. If the car is driven in cold winter weather, use 5W30 during the winter months. For older engines burning oil, 20W50 can be used during the summer months to decrease oil consumption.
  • The capacity is almost 4 liters for Volvo 4cyl engines. Buy 4 liters of oil and you will have enough for the job. On Turbo models with oil coolers a bit more oil is required, you should get 5 liters of new oil for the change.
  • The drain plug requires a 1 inch spanner. Do not over tighten the drain plug. The last thing you want is to strip the threads on the oil pan and having to replace it !
  • Check that the oil warning light is off when the engine is running. Replace the oil pressure switch if required.
  • If your engine is burning oil you should perform a compression test. This will determine if the piston rings or valves are bad. On Turbo engines some engine oil can be burned by the turbine when the seals and bearings are not leak free. The Turbine may need a rebuilt.

Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find oil pressure switches, piston rings, engine bearings and everything else you need to fix or rebuild your Volvo engine !


Oil cap with seal, Oil drain plug

 

Volvo oil filter change kit

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1,2,3 Oil change KIT, includes a quality MANN oil filter, oil cap seal, and oil drain plug washer/seal. 240 75-93 KIT3517857 $8.99
1 Oil filter, quality MANN filter (Not for Diesel) 240, 260 75-93 3517857 $7.46
2 Oil cap seal. Rubber ring under the oil cap. 240 75-93 SC940096 $0.85
- Oil cap, new cap and seal (shown left) 240 76-93 8692888 $15.62
3 Oil drain plug washer 240 75-93 SC18818 $1.45
- Oil drain plug (shown left) 240 75-93 SC948187 $2.84

 

Fix Oil Leaks

Check every 5,000 mi

  • Check for oil leaks and replace any gasket and seal that failed.
  • Check the list of individual gaskets or buy complete gasket sets to save or if you plan on rebuilding the engine.


Engine Gaskets and Seals

Complete Engine Gasket Sets

Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
Block gasket set, all gaskets required for lower engine rebuild. For all B21, B23, B230 engines 240 76-93 SC270679 $93.44
Head gasket set for B230 engine, includes all gaskets from head surface and up 240 85-93 SC270689 $79.06
Head gasket set for B21 engine, includes all gaskets from head surface and up 240 76-85 SC270677 $71.88
Head gasket set for B23 engine, includes all gaskets from head surface and up 240 81-84 SC270684 $64.69

 

 

Individual Engine Gaskets

Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
Valve cover gasket, 240 85-93 1378870 $5.39
Valve cover gasket 240 76-84 1378909 $5.03
Oil cap seal. Rubber ring under the oil cap 240 75-93 SC940096 $0.86
Camshaft seal, front. Replace to fix oil leaks from the top front of the engine 240 76-93 SC6842273 $4.24
Camshaft seal, rear plug, round black plug 240 85-93 SC1336763 $3.02
Intake manifold gasket, for B21, B23 and B230 engine 240 76-93 SC1378879 $7.12
Head gasket for B23 and B230 engine 240 83-93 SC1378646 $22.28
Exhaust manifold gasket kit, set of 4 gaskets between exhaust manifold and head 240 76-93 SC1378217 $7.19
Oil drain plug washer 240 75-93 SC18818 $1.44
Oil pan gasket 240 75-93 SC1378864 $7.12
Crankshaft front housing gasket 240 76-93 SC1378493 $3.59
Crankshaft seal, front 240 76-93 SC1276424 $4.67
Crankshaft seal, rear housing gasket 240 76-93 SC1378492 $1.58
Crankshaft seal, rear 240 75-93 SC6842093 $7.12

 

PCV Flame Trap

Change every 60,000 mi

  • Replace the flame trap (3) in the Positive Crankcase Ventilation (PCV) cup (1)
  • This flame trap (3) must not be clogged to avoid crankcase overpressure and oil leaks Very important for the longevity of your engine.

 

 

Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Type Price Buy
Flame trap kit (flame shield), Very important for the longevity of your engine. 240, 260 (not Turbo) 75-88 FTKTO88 New $12.22
Flame trap kit (flame shield). Very important for the longevity of your engine. 240, 260 (not Turbo) 89-93 FTK89UP New $12.22

Engine Mounts

Check every 10,000 mi

  • Check every 5,000 miles that the engine mounts are not sagging, cracked or broken. Replace them if required. Also check the transmission mount.
  • Check engine mounts after changing the oil filter because leaks from above makes the rubber deteriorate. Wipe oil spills on the mounts after an oil change.

 

 

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy

Engine mount, LEFT driver side (and RIGHT for 1975). 240 75-93 SC274110 $9.99

Engine mount, RIGHT passenger side. 240 76-93 SC274111 $9.99

 

Spark Plugs and Ignition System

Check spark plug gap every 5,000 mi

Change plugs every 30,000 mi


Ignition tune-up kit includes all part shown except the wire set sold separately. All parts are also available individually.

 

  • Every 5,000 mi remove the spark plugs and inspect them. Check the gap with a gauge and set it at 0.030" on most models (check owner's manual for your car).
  • Torque the plugs to 10 ft-lbs.
  • Change the plugs every 30,000 mi.
  • Check and clean the distributor cap and rotor every 10,000 mi
  • Check the ignition wires for damage
  • Check the ignition timing (on adjustable models) and set per the emission label under the hood.
  • Lube the distributor shaft under the rotor with one drop of oil
  • Check the centrifugal advance by revving the engine
  • Check the vacuum advance by disconnecting the vacuum line. Plug the line.
  • Learn more from the repair manual

Can't find what you're searching for ? We stock used ignition computers and distributors. Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your Volvo.

 

 

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1,3,4,5 Bosch Ignition Tune-Up kit , includes cap, rotor and spark plugs. Bosch 240 85-93 240ignKIT $27.49
1 Distributor cap, Bosch 240 75-93 SC243797 $9.94
2 Ignition wires, set of 4 240 81-93 272194 $46.86
4 Distributor rotor, Bosch 240 75-83 SC243903 $8.52
4 Distributor rotor, Bosch 240 83-85 SC1336240 $9.94
4 Distributor rotor, Bosch 240 86-93 SC1389425 $9.94
5 Spark plug kit, Bosch, set of 4 240 76-93 271409 $8.52

 

Throttle Cable and Idle Speed

Check every 10,000 mi

  • Check, lube and adjust the throttle cable and controls.
  • Set the idle speed as per the emissions label in the engine bay.

 

Air Filter

Check every 5,000 mi

Change every 30,000 mi

  • Check the air filter every 5,000 mi. If it's dirty replace it or, for a temporary fix, turn it around such that the dirty spot is not in front of the intake.
  • Replace the air filter every 30,000 mi

 

 

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy

Air filter for 240 (not turbo). By FRAM 240 (not Turbo) 76-93 463505 $7.91

Air filter for 240 Turbo. By FRAM 240 Turbo 81-85 SC1276825 $22.38

 

Cooling System

Check every
10,000 mi

Change antifreeze every 30,000 mi

  • Check the coolant level and pressure by opening the cap when the engine is warm (but not too hot).
  • Replace the antifreeze every 30,000 mi or 2 every years.
  • Fix leaks around the water pump, hoses, radiator..
  • Check the coolant freezing point with a tester and adjust the mixture for the lowest temperature in your area.
  • If you use a block heater check that it works before the winter. Plug it in and listen for a hummm from the engine.
  • If the engine overheats, learn more from the repair manual to troubleshoot and identify the problem
  • Replace the thermostat if your car overheats shortly after start up, the needle keeps going up after reaching the normal mid point of the gauge, or the temperature never goes up to midpoint of the gauge.

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
2 Radiator cap, overflow tank cap 240, 260 75-93 1357775 $4.31

Part Picture

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1 Thermostat 189 F (82 C), seal ring included. 240 76-93 SC273459 $13.66
2 Thermostat rubber seal ring only. Replace the seal to fix a leak around the thermostat housing 240 75-93 SC1397911 $1.44
3 Thermostat housing, replace if too corroded and wont seal correctly 240 76-93 463434 $23.00

 

Can't find what you're searching for ? Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your Volvo!

 

 

Part Picture

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1 Water pump kit, new pump with all gaskets, for B21 and B23 engines 240 76-84 SC270681 $51.68
1 Water pump kit, new pump with all gaskets, for B230 engine 240 85-93 SC271830 $50.24
2 Water pump gasket, between pump and block 240 85-93 SC1378491 $1.37
3 Water pump top rubber seal ring 240 76-93 SC1336255 $0.93

 

Part Picture

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1 Radiator 2 rows brass core, with plastic sides like original Volvo. For cars with auto or man transmission. No sensor hole. 240 75-93 8603853 $208.44
1 Radiator 2 row brass core, with metal sides for longevity. For cars with auto or man transmission. 240 75-93 8601127 $158.13
2 Radiator hose, lower 240 B23,B230 83-93 SC463306 $11.43
2 Radiator hose, upper 240 B23,B230 83-93 SC1219990 $11.43

 

Exhaust System

Check every 10,000 mi

  • Check for leaks and check that hangers are unbroken and attached correctly.
  • Check the color of the smoke coming out of the tail pipe. Black, blue or very white smoke are not good signs.
  • Check the pressure of the gas from the tail pipe. Good pressure is a sign of an healthy engine with high compression.
  • On Turbo models tighten the exhaust pipe nuts to Turbo every 10,000 mi

Part Picture
1. Rear Muffler Hangers

Part Picture
2. Front Muffler Hangers

Part Picture
3. Manifold Gasket, between head pipe and manifold

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Type Price Buy
1
Muffler hanger for rear muffler, rubber donut (2 required) 240, 260 75-93 SC1206468 New $2.16
2
Muffler hanger for front muffler, rubber ring (2 required) 240, 260 75-93 SC666407 New $1.44
3
Manifold gasket, between front pipe and exhaust manifold 240 (not Turbo) 75-93 SC3531326 New $3.23

 

 

Part Picture

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Type Price Buy
2 Catalytic converter 240 B21F 77-79 4065 New $129.38
2 Catalytic converter for 1982 B21F and 1983 B23F engines 240 B21F, B23F 82-83 4050 New $129.38
2 Catalytic converter for 240 Turbo .Includes the head pipe from the Turbo. 240 B21FT 81-85 4048 New $488.75
2 Catalytic converter 260 B27F 77-78 4065 New $129.38
4 Front muffler, fits all 4cyl, 6cyl and Diesel, not for Turbo. By Starla made in Sweden. 240, 260 (not Turbo) 75-93 SC1378297 New $54.63
5 Axle pipe, between front and rear muffler. By Starla made in Sweden. 240, 260 77-93 SC1336286 New $24.44
7 Rear muffler, fits all 4cyl, 6cyl and Diesel, not for Turbo. By Starla made in Sweden. 240, 260 (not Turbo) 75-93 SC1357065 New $46.00
8 Tail pipe, short pipe after rear muffler, fits all 4cyl, 6cyl and Diesel, not for Turbo. By Starla made in Sweden. 240, 260 (not Turbo) 75-93 SC1357982 New $12.94

 

 

Drive Belts

Check every 30,000 mi

  • Check and adjust the alternator/water pump belt
  • Check and adjust the Air Conditioning compressor belt
  • Check and adjust the power steering belts

Not all models have the Air Conditioning belt.

Difficulty in tensioning the belt or keeping the alternator aligned can be caused by worn rubber bushings. When a rubber bushing is worn and deformed it can no longer mount the belt tension and the alternator has a tendency to twist.

Adjust the drive belts to get 5-10mm (0.2-0.4 in) of deflection under firm thumb pressure in the middle of the longest run. Do not over tighten drive belts ! They are the main cause of water pump and alternator failures. If the deflection is within range and the belt is still slipping, a new belt should be installed. Once a belt slipped its surface is glazed and it becomes impossible to tighten correctly without slippage.

To change the tension or install a new belt, all mounting bolts should be slackened a bit, such that the alternator or steering pump is free to slide and spin.

  • Loosen the 13mm nut from the alternator or steering pump top mount bolt
  • Loosen the 13mm nut form the alternator or steering pump bottom mount bolt
  • On early models without an adjuster, use a pry bar to push the alternator or steering pump while you tighten the top mounting bolt with the other hand.
  • On later B230 engines with adjuster, loosen the 13mm nut from the tensioner mounting bolt at the bottom of the alternator or steering pump.
  • Turn the 10mm tensioning bolt:
    • clockwise to tighten the belt
    • anti-clockwise to loosen the belt
  • When the correct tension is reached, tighten all nuts.

Can't find what you're searching for ? We stock used power steering pumps, alternators and AC compressor. Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your Volvo!

 

Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
Mounting bushing for power steering pump and alternator. 240 79-93 SC1378153a $2.19
Belt for alternator/water pump/crankshaft, PAIR, length 928mm 240 76-93 966965 $14.38
Belt for steering pump, for cars with Air Conditioning, length 1075mm 240 with AC 77-84 967114 $7.19
Belt for steering pump, for cars with Air Conditioning, length 850mm 240 with AC 85-92 973535 $7.19
Belt for steering pump, for cars without Air Conditioning, length 938mm 240 without AC 77-92 973538 $8.63
Belt for air conditioning compressor, length 975 mm 240 85-93 979631 $12.51

 

Valves Adjustment

Check every 30,000mi

Check compression every 75,000mi

  • Check the valves adjustment and correct it if necessary.
  • If your engine is burning oil, perform a compression test. This will determine if the piston rings or valves are bad.
  • If the compression is mostly equal in all cylinders (all values within 10%) the engine is probably still good
  • If the compression in one cylinder is below the others, check the valves adjustment for that cylinder. It could require an adjustment only.
  • If the valves are OK the engine pistons and/or rings should be replaced.
  • This job is for experienced "Do It Yourself" mechanics but you can learn how to do it by buying one of the Volvo service manuals offered on this web site.

Can't find what you're searching for ? Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your Volvo ! We stock used camshafts, also complete heads, manifolds and more.

 

 

Timing Belt

Change every 50,000 mi

  • Replace the timing belt every 50,000 mi. Note that if the timing belt breaks the engine will not destroy, however it is good prevention to replace it on schedule to avoid being stalled at the worst moment
  • This job is for experienced "Do It Yourself" mechanic but you can learn how to do it by buying one of the Volvo service manuals offered on this web site.

 

 

Item Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
1 Timing belt 240 76-92 SC271713 $11.50
1 Timing belt 240 93 SC271747 $32.20
2 Timing belt tensioner/roller 240 76-93 SC463633 $35.94

Fuel Filter

Change every 60,000 mi

Check fuel lines every 30,000 mi

  • Replace the fuel filter every 60,000 miles.
  • It is located next to the fuel pump under the car.
  • Check all fuel lines for leaks or damage every 30,000 miles

Can't find what you're searching for ? Check our detailed Volvo 240/260 Parts Catalogue to find everything else you need to repair and upgrade your Volvo! We stock used fuel injection computers, new and used fuel pumps, air mass meters and more.

 

Description Help on catalogue format Model Year Part# Price Buy
Fuel Filter, made by Bosch 240 81-93 SC1389562 $21.49

Diesel Fuel Condenser

Drain every 5,000 mi

  • On diesel engines drain the fuel condenser every 5,000 mi

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